What do I need to start my home garden?
To start an orchard at home, whether in a small space, large or a pot (potted orchard) we need some basic things that it is important to know and have visualized. Here I leave the main aspects to consider, anything do not hesitate to leave a comment letting me know your doubts.
The first thing we need is:
We can create an urban garden almost anywhere, a small garden, a patio, a terrace, a balcony or even a window will allow us to grow our vegetables. But there is an indispensable question, which is to have a place with direct light.
The vegetables like the rest of the plants need sunlight to obtain energy through photosynthesis. In principle, the best orientation will be that which allows us a good number of hours of direct light, normally facing south or southeast, although we must also take into account the obstacles that we may have and that can create shadows (buildings, etc.). In most occasions, we can not choose between several locations for the garden and we have to adapt to the space available.
In any case, it will be important to assess the availability of light that we have at different times of the year and assess what type of crop we are going to carry out. It may be that our space only allows the cultivation in spring-summer, time during which the trajectory of the Sun is higher, having sufficient light, while in winter it does not receive any light. However, there are spaces that have sufficient light throughout the year, being able to cultivate seasonal crops in each season.
Therefore, depending on the insolation we have we will choose the vegetables that we will grow. If we have many hours of sunshine in summer, we will resort to demanding crops such as aubergines, tomatoes or peppers, while if we receive fewer hours of sunshine, we will opt for less demanding crops such as lettuce, onions, radishes, etc.
In a house, in a small patio, we can allocate an area for our garden, delimiting the space and contributing to the soil organic fertilizers or preparing our substratum fertilizing with fertilizer that either we buy or produce ourselves that improve their physical conditions. chemicals and their fertility. But if we do not have soil, we can create our garden using culture vessels and organic substrates.
POTS AND OTHER CONTAINERS.
We will always choose those that allow a greater volume of a substrate, depending on the available space we have, being more important the total volume that can accommodate than the depth of the container.
There are containers of all sizes and all materials, one option or another being better depending on the space and the type of crops that we want to develop.
I have an article where I showed them some large pots that I made with recycled pallets, I recommend them for very little money (and sometimes nothing), we can make large pots of good size.
We can also use planters and large pots of plastic or clay, giving better results of wood for its insulating capacity of the substrate against heat or cold outside.
When you have our plants on a terrace or on a balcony it is important to consider organic substrates such as pedestrians, agrolita, vermiculite, coconut fiber among others, for the detail of the weight, even if we have many pots or planters loaded with Substrate and plants the weight will not be much and therefore the structure will not suffer, therefore in the first instance consider:
What do I need to start my garden at home? Have adequate porosity, which allows good aeration (air circulation that allows the roots to breathe) and water retention (which allows a water reserve to be created in the substrate. disposition of the roots).
Seeds Retain fundamental nutrients.
These 3 requirements are met by composted organic substrates, such as earthworm humus (organic waste digested by the California earthworm), which will also act as fertilizer by providing all the nutrients needed by the plant. Another substrate that does not provide many nutrients but has some of the mentioned properties (lightness, aeration, water retention and nutrient retention) is coconut fiber.
For this reason, it can be interesting to compose our substrate combining one that provides good structural conditions (coconut fiber) and another that acts as a fertilizer providing the nutrients and properties of organic matter (earthworm humus). Therefore a super substrate could be the coconut fiber that teaches them to do (or if one prefers to buy it) with the earthworm humus, which we have available for sale at $ 45 pesos per kilo.
IRRIGATION: In containers, pots, pots, water is used up more easily than on the ground, which will force us to be more aware of irrigation. On the other hand, sometimes, we fall into an excess of water that can cause a wash, and therefore loss, of fundamental nutrients for the plant. For this reason, one of the most important tasks and where we have to be more precise is in irrigation, always seeking to maintain a constant humidity, adjusting it to the time of year and to the vegetables and plants that we are growing.
We can water manually, which will be a good method I do it daily in the morning and at night. The most appropriate, in this case, is the use of the shower and the atomizer and do the irrigation little by little to avoid the formation of cracks in the substrate. We also have the option of home-made garden planters, which have a water tank in the lower part that keeps the substrate moist permanently. This system can give good results especially in vegetables and less demanding plants with water.
Once we have clear the space that we are going to use, the containers that we are going to use, the substrate and the form of irrigation, we only have to obtain the plants that we are going to cultivate, which we can develop them from seeds, from purchased plants or of cuttings.