How to grow quinoa at home
Grow quinoa or quinoa in a homemade way
Quinoa or quinoa is a very popular food especially among those who have a vegan or vegetarian diet. Although it is not found in the family of more traditional grains, such as wheat, oats or barley, if it is considered a grain, and an extremely nutritious one, some even label it as the food of the future.
The scientific name of this fantastic plant is “Chenopodium quinoa”, and it receives many other names throughout the world besides quinoa; Inca Wheat, Dahua, Canigua, Rice of Peru, Hupa, Triguillo, Cañagua, Candonga, Licsa, Canahua.
Quinoa flower It is native to the highland areas of South America and can be found spontaneously, mainly in Bolivia.
Quinoa is an annual plant, with broad leaves and large size, can reach between 2 and 2.5 m each plant, and unlike other grain plants, has the particularity to flower before forming the seed, its flowers are red or purple and are grouped forming a kind of spike at the end of the stem.
It prefers a relatively cool climate, although it will not withstand frost, it can not grow in areas where temperatures are usually maintained above 35ºC or below -1ºC. This is a very important consideration to keep in mind if you are thinking of growing quinoa at home.
Grow quinoa from seed
Quinoa grains You can start the quinoa in indoor hotbeds for later transplanting, but the safest, most common and successful thing is to do it directly on land, as soon as spring begins, when the earth has warmed up a bit and when the last frost has passed.
The quinoa germinates with greater security when the nocturnal temperatures stay at least at 15 or 16 ºC.
To quinoa or quinoa cultivate optimally, we will use fertile soils, semi-deep and with very good drainage, although it can also grow in more adverse soils, sandy, infertile, clayey and even moderately marine, in this case, crops will be obtained much smaller (lower performance).
Like a slightly acidic pH (between 6 and 6.5).
We will have to choose an area of the land that receives full sun, although it could support a half shadow, with the consequent decrease of the harvest.
Once the area for sowing is chosen, we need to carp the land at least 60 cm to ensure good drainage and also, we must eliminate as many weeds as possible, since quinoa will have problems competing with them, because its growth It is not so fast.
We will place the seeds no more than 1.2 cm deep and with a separation between plants of at least 70 cm. We cover with earth. In 3 or 4 days we should start to see the outbreaks.
We must water them only if there are no natural rains since during the spring, they are usually enough. Quinoa supports drought, except during the flowering season. In any case, a correct humidity will improve the quality of the crop, both the quantity of seeds and the foliage.