Things You should Know About Vegetable Gardening
Are you a beginner in the gardening world? Well no need to worry. You will be perfect in this field soon enough. There are a few things that you should know about vegetable gardening. So read it out and I hope this piece of knowledge works for you.
Growing vegetables is no rocket science and you can easily learn it. It is fun and at the same time rewarding. You just have to take a few correct decisions. There are some basics to a plant: Food, light, water, air and warmth. You must consider all these factors to achieve a successful plant garden.
So how much sunlight is required?
The most important element is light in the process of growing vegetable. Since we can’t control this factor, it is better to choose the place that is exposed to sunlight. Usually vegetables need on an average 6 hours of sunlight. Plants that yield fruits like tomato, peppers, eggplant, squash, etc require full sunlight and can be easily grown in containers on a sunny patio. While some vegetables can be ok in shade such as lettuce, peas, kale, carrots, etc.
How much water?
1-2 inches of water is essential for vegetable plants, especially from mid June to mid August. Insufficient water will affect the growth of roots adversely and the plant will be able to collect or form nutrients for proper growth. As excess of everything is bad, too much water is also bad. This will saturate the plant soil by not letting in enough air and space required by plant to grow. Observe your plant, weather conditions and soil to learn how much water it needs. Irrigate your vegetable garden twice every week.
Some plants require overhead sprinkling such as spinach, lettuce, salad greens, etc while some don’t respond positively to it such as tomatoes, carrots, squash, etc. Water your plans before 11 am or after 4 pm and let them dry off before dark so that they don’t catch fungus and disease.
Prepare your soil
Success of your garden depends upon the quality and state of your soil. Many vegetables such as compost or peat moss perform best in moist, well drained soil rich in organic matter. Fall is the best time to plan for your vegetable garden. Clean your garden and work the soil using tiller or other tools. Make sure to use organic soil and if you think your soil is not sufficiently organic then make it so by using compost (component that helps in improving the texture, fertility and drainage of the soil) and manure.
Use well aerated soil and avoid using clay as it is too thick for the roots to grow properly. Soil should be free of stones and other unwanted stuff.
Plan your vegetable garden
After your garden is set and soil is ready the next step is to plan the strategy of growing plants. Plant the tall crops such as tomato at the back/ farthest point so that you can see all the plants easily and work on them. Plant the rows that go from north to south and leave about 2-3 feet of space between the rows if you have ample space so that you can easily walk and take care of your plants.
This is exactly what you needed. So go ahead and reap that you sowed. There are some vegetables that can be harvested at several stages for e.g. you can get the leaf lettuce as young as you want and it will not affect the growth of your plant. Just snip some leaves and it will keep growing the produce. Zucchini and cucumber can be harvested when they have grown a few inches long.
The Golden Rule is that if it looks ok to eat then get it.